Climate Finance Acroynms

AAU: Assigned Amount Unit (A ton of carbon dioxide equivalent under the Kyoto Protocol)

ADB: Asian Development Bank

ADP: Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action

AfDB: African Development Bank

AFD: Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency)

AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States

AusAID: Australian Agency for International Development

AWG-KP: Ad hoc Working Group on further commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol

AWG-LCA:  Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention

AR4: Fourth Assessment Report (of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change)

BAP: Bali Action Plan

BINGO: Business and Industry Non-Governmental Organizations

BOT: Build-Operate-Transfer model

BRICS: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa

CAO: Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman

CAN: Climate Action Network

CBD: Convention on Biological Diversity

CCS: Carbon Capture and Storage

CCRIF: Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility

CDM: Clean Development Mechanism

CER: Certified Emissions Reduction (CDM emissions allowances)

CDC: Commonwealth Development Corporation

CFU: Carbon Finance Unit (of the World Bank)

CIFs: Climate Investment Funds

CJN!: Climate Justice Now!

CMP: Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol

COP: Conference of the Parties

CPF: Carbon Partnership Facility (of the World Bank)

CTF: Clean Technology Fund (part of Climate Investment Funds)

DAC: Development Assistance Committee (of OECD)

DFI: Development Finance  Institution

DfID: UK Department for International Development

DNA: Designated National Authority (of CDM)

EBRD: European Bank for Reconstruction  and Development

EC: European Commission

ECAs: Export Credit Agencies

EIA: Energy Information Administration (of the US Department of Energy)

EIB: European Investment Bank

EIT: Economy in Transition

ERU: Emission Reduction Unit (JI emissions allowances)

ERPA: Emissions Reduction Purchase Agreement

EU: European Union

EU ETS: European Union Emissions Trading System (formerly “Scheme”)

FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization (of the United Nations)

FCPF: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (of the World Bank)

FDI: Foreign Direct Investment

FSF: Fast-start Finance

FTT: Financial Transaction Tax

GCF: Green Climate Fund

GDP: Gross Domestic Product

GEF: Global Environment Facility

GHGs: Greenhouse gases

GNI: Gross National Income

HFC: Hydrofluorocarbons

IADB: Inter-American Development Bank

IBRD: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (part of World Bank Group)

ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organization

IDA: International Development Association (part of World Bank Group)

IDFC: International Development Finance Club

IEA: International Energy Agency

IEG: Independent Evaluation Group (of the World Bank)

IFC: International Finance Corporation (part of World Bank Group)

IFI: International Financial Institution

IGO: Intergovernmental Organization

IMO: International Maritime Organization

IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPP: Independent Power Producer

IRR: Internal Rate of Return

JBIC: Japan Bank for International Cooperation

JI: Joint Implementation

JICA: Japan International Cooperation Agency

JISC: Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee

KfW: Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (German Development Bank)

KP: Kyoto Protocol

LDCs: Least Developed Countries

LDCF: Least Developed Country Fund

LULUCF: Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry

MDBs: Multilateral Development Banks

MDGs: Millennium Development Goals

MIGA: Multilateral Investment Guarantee  Agency  (part of World Bank Group)

MRV: Measurable, Reportable and Verifiable

MSME: Micro,  Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

NAMAs: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

NAPAs: National Adaptation Programmes of Action

NEPAD: The New Partnership for Africa’s Development

NGOs: Non-Governmental Organizations

ODA: Official Development Assistance

OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PCF: Prototype Carbon Fund (World Bank)

PDD: Project Design Document (for Clean Development Mechanism projects)

PPA: Power Purchase Agreement

PPP: Public-Private Partnership

PPCR: Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (part of Climate Investment Funds)

PRI: Political Risk Insurance

QELROs: Quantified Emissions Limitation and Reduction Commitments

RDB: Regional Development Bank

REDD: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

RE/EE: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

R-PIN: Readiness Plan Idea Note (for REDD)

SBSTA: Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice

SBI: Subsidiary Body for Implementation

SCCF: Special Climate Change Fund (operated by Global Environment Facility)

SCF: Strategic Climate Fund (of the World Bank)

SDRs: Special Drawing Rights

SIDA: Swedish International Development Agency

SIDS: Small Island Developing States

SMEs: Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

SPV: Special Purpose Vehicle

UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDESA: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

UNDP: United Nations Development Programme

UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP FI: United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

YOUNGO: Youth non-governmental organization

WBG: World Bank Group